21 November 2016 | Thor’s Helmet


Credit & copyright: Brendan Kinch | Click image to enlarge

Image Data

  • Date: 7th Jan ’16 – 16th Jan ’16
  • Camera: QSI 6120i
  • Optics: Takahashi FSQ106ED
  • Mount: Takahashi EM 400 Temma 2
  • Filters: Astrodon OIII 3nm, Astrodon Ha 3nm
  • Exposure: Ha 24×1200″ bin 1×1, OIII 23×1200″ bin 1×1

NGC 2359 (also known as Thor’s Helmet) is an emission nebula in the constellation Canis Major. The nebula is approximately 3,670 parsecs (11.96 thousand light years) away and 30 light-years in size. The central star is the Wolf-Rayet star WR7, an extremely hot giant thought to be in a brief pre-supernova stage of evolution. It is similar in nature to the Bubble Nebula, but interactions with a nearby large molecular cloud are thought to have contributed to the more complex shape and curved bow-shock structure of Thor’s Helmet.

The nebula has an overall bubble shape, but with complex filamentary structures. The nebula contains several hundred solar masses of ionised material, plus several thousand more of unionised gas. It is largely interstellar material swept up by winds from the central star, although some material does appear to be enriched with the products of fusion and is likely to come directly from the star. The expansion rate of different portions of the nebula varies from 10km/s to at least 30km/s, leading to age estimates of 78,500 – 236,000 years. The nebula has been studied at radio and x-ray wavelengths, but it is still unclear whether it was produced at the class O main sequence stage of development, as a red supergiant, luminous blue variable, or mainly as a Wolf-Rayet star.

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