27 December 2016 | Triangulum Galaxy

M33 Triangulum Galaxy

Credit: Kayron Mercieca | Click image to enlarge or here for full size (86MB!)

Image Data

  • Location: Spain
  • Date: 2016
  • Camera: QSI 660wsg-8
  • Optics: Takahashi FSQ-85ED
  • Mount: Avalon M-Uno
  • Filters: Astrodon E-Series Gen2 LRGB
  • Exposure: L = 100 x 600s, R = 50 x 600s, G = 50 x 600s, B = 50 x 600s, Ha = 25 x 900s. 47h55m total

Messier 33, otherwise known as NGC 598, is located about three million light-years away in the small northern constellation of Triangulum (The Triangle). Often known as the Triangulum Galaxy it was observed by the French comet hunter Charles Messier in August 1764, who listed it as number 33 in his famous list of prominent nebulae and star clusters. However, he was not the first to record the spiral galaxy; it was probably first documented by the Sicilian astronomer Giovanni Battista Hodierna around 100 years earlier.

Among the many star formation regions in Messier 33’s spiral arms, the giant nebula NGC 604 stands out. With a diameter of nearly 1500 light-years, this is one of the largest nearby emission nebulae known. It stretches over an area 40 times the size of the visible portion of the much more famous — and much closer — Orion Nebula.

The Triangulum Galaxy is the third-largest member of the Local Group of galaxies, which includes the Milky Way, the Andromeda Galaxy, and about 50 other smaller galaxies. On an extremely clear, dark night, this galaxy is just visible with the unaided eye, and is considered to be the most distant celestial object visible without any optical help. Viewing conditions for the very patient are only set to improve in the long-term: the galaxy is approaching our own at a speed of about 100 000 kilometres per hour.

A closer look at this beautiful picture not only allows a very detailed inspection of the star-forming spiral arms of the galaxy, but also reveals the very rich scenery of the more distant galaxies scattered behind the myriad of stars and glowing clouds of NGC 598.


EAPOD Archive

Want to join us in our quest to show the beauty of the universe to the world? Share this EAPOD with your friends!

Regular publication has been ceased for an indefinite period.